Lancet Glob Health ; 7 8 : ee, Aug. In the past decade, new epidemiological data on peripheral artery disease have emerged, enabling us to provide updated estimates of the prevalence and risk factors for peripheral artery disease globally and regionally and, for the first time, nationally.
Peripheral artery disease had to be defined as an ankle-brachial index lower than or equal to 0· With a purpose-built data collection form, data on study characteristics, sample characteristics, prevalence, and risk factors were abstracted from all the included studies identified from the sources. Age-specific and sex-specific prevalence of peripheral artery disease was estimated in both high-income countries HICs and low-income and middle-income countries LMICs.
UN population data were used to generate the number of people affected by the disease in Finally, we derived the regional and national numbers of people with peripheral artery disease on the basis of a risk factor-based model.
The prevalence of peripheral artery disease increased consistently with age. Smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia were major risk factors for peripheral artery disease.
The Western George f. lang hipertenzije Region had the most peripheral artery disease cases 74·08 millionwhereas the Eastern Mediterranean Region had the least 14·67 million. More than two thirds of the global peripheral artery disease cases were concentrated in 15 individual countries in With the demographic trend towards ageing and projected rise in important risk factors, a larger burden of peripheral artery disease is to be expected in the foreseeable george f.